Anatomic determinants of the lower pole of the kidney for the complete resolution of stones through fl exible ureteroscopy

noviembre 20, 2016

Stones located in the lower pole at an infundibulopelvic angle < 70◦, infundibular length > 3 cm, and infundibular width<5mm have a greater risk for residual stones.

To determine whether the anatomic variants of the left pole hinder stone resolution withflexible ureteroscopy.

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